Historic Architectural Survey of Bowman County


Haley is different from the other towns in Bowman County. It is what was called an inland town, meaning it existed before the advent of the railroad, was not served by the railroad, and lingered on after the railroad had re-organized regional society along its lines. Haley is the oldest town in the county, and its site comprises the oldest buildings in the county, predating the railroad (benchmark of all other towns) by seven or eight years. Still discernable across the blacktop road west of Haley are the crumbled walls of the Jackson sod hotel, a stop on the Dickinson-Belle Fourche stage line where it crossed the Grand River.

The anchor of the Haley community for generations was the Haley Store, constructed in 1900 by John Currie; it may be the oldest building in the county. The walls, still stable, are of rock and are covered with whitewashed stucco. There are wood-frame additions on the west and north sides. The store remained in business until 1965.
The Anfinnsons were the last proprietors of the store, and if the store is not the oldest building in the county, then Elsie Anfinnson's house is. This is a sod house, walls two feet thick, to which a frame addition has been made. The walls have been stablized with concrete and whitewashed. Three generations of storekeepers have made this house home.
The Haley hotel faces north onto Haley's main street, with the slope down to the Grand River in back. This substantial and neverthless false-fronted building housed various other businesses besides the hotel, and also served as the last post office of Haley.
Near the east end of and on the north side of the main street is what local people call "the teacherage." This is a country school that was moved into Haley early in the century. When the enrollment got too large for the small school, patrons moved a second, larger one-room school from the country into Haley. This second school since has been removed to a farm in the area to be used as a garage. The first school was used as a residence for the teacher and thus became known as the teacherage.
Early Haley boasted a Roman Catholic church, which explains why there is a Haley Catholic Cemetery on a hill just north of town. This Lutheran church was moved to Haley from a site in South Dakota in the 1940s and still houses an active congregation.

The iron-frame Haley bridge is the focus of powerful historical associations for local residents. To see the bridge, go to the exhibit.

Center for Heritage Renewal