McHenry County Extension Records
Images of the
This document details research done at the North Dakota
State University Archives. The records used are Cooperative
Extension Annual Reports from McHenry
County, North Dakota.
The aim of the research is to identify photographs in the report illustrating
vital aspects of life in the Missouri Coteau region and to record information
explicating the images. Links in the table below call up images of interest
that have been scanned from the manuscript reports.
Most images, including all photographic images, are
scanned at 600 dpi and saved as TIFs. Certain other images, mainly textual
things, are scanned at 300 dpi and saved as PDFs. TIFs have been saved also
as JPGs for reference and web use.
Thanks to NDSU Archives for making these records available
First report in the collection. The initial agent, M.C. Thomas,
has a fairly pugnacious attitude.
Nothing has been done by the
county agent up to the present time with farm bureau organization. . . .
Because of the ignorance or misunderstanding on the part of the farmers as
to the position of the North Dakota Farm Bureau politically there has not
been any demand on the part of the farmers for this organization. . . . We
have in the county several local organization that might be used as a basis
for the county organization. The Grange is strong in the south part of the
county. Then in the north part of the county we have several Community
Clubs. At Granville we have a Potatoe and Cream Marketing Association, a
prospective Cow Testing Association and Community Club. At Drake we have a
prospective Potatoe Marketing and Growers Association. At Velva a similar
prospective organization, and similar organizations in an unorganized state
at Bantry and Upham.
The agent arrived in the county the last week of May
1921, the first extension agent in the county.
There are continuing problems with attempts to form
partnerships for extension with existing organizations. The agent has been
trying to work with such organizations as the Grange.
To some small extent this has
been successful, but not generally so. As the organizations are made up of
people who are for or against the work. And with such dissention in the
organization we can get nowheres. Politics also has been a drawback to a
successful getting together of the people in most of the communities, under
the leadership of the more progressive farmers.
This year the agent is more positive in tone and does a
more complete report, with photographs.
On Sunday morning, September 16th,
135 farmers and businessmen and 50 tin Lizzies left McHenry County
for a tour of the New Salem Dairy Circuit. . . . The Granville Community
Band accompanied the delegation and rendered selections at all towns along
the route. Steps were made at Simcoe, Velva, Ruso, Turtle
Bismarck and Mandan.
The delegation left Granville
at 7:15 A.M. Sunday morning September 16gth, and arrived at New Salem, a
distance of about 160 miles at 4:30 P.M.
The tour visited the farm of John Christiansen,
president of the New Salem Breeding Circuit. IN the evening a meeting was
held in the movie theater, 200 people in attendance. There were talks on
“diversification” from a variety of parties: Christiansen, a G.N.R.R.
Agricultural Development Agent, the State Dairy Commissioner, bankers, the
county agent, and others. The guests in town lodged with hosts in the
On Monday evening, September 17th,
we awakened from our slumbers to the steady down-pour of rain on the roof,
which kept us all Monday.
So, they went visiting two local farmers.
At both places the farmers of
the McHenry County delegation saw what COWS had
done for a barren land. And all came home enthused with a drive to get busy
along diversification lines, organize breeding circuits, cow testing
associations, and raise more hogs, so that the future prosperity of McHenry County would be assured.
The trip home to McHenry County was made in the rain and mud,
but all agreed it was worth the price.
Photo on p. 15, McHenry County
Delegation on Tour of New Salem Dairy Circuit, Sunday & Monday,
Sept. 16th-17th, Ten Minutes for Lunch and JAZZ by
the Granville Community Band, Turtle Lake, N. Dak.
The agent has been encouraging raising of sweet clover
for hay and seed. He describes the haymaking method used by a farmer near
This hay was raked up the next
day after cutting, and placed in cocks to cure, remaining in these cocks
for ten days before being stacked. When stacked the clover was nice and
green and thoroughly wilted, very little of the leaves being lost.
Photo on p. 31, Sweet Clover
Hay being stacked on the Farm of Henry Frandsen, Drake, by Means of
Bucking Pole and Stacker First Cutting Estimated at ½ Ton per Acre
The Southern McHenry County Fair was in Velva, 11-13
October. The attendance was small due to rain, perhaps 600, but there were
excellent exhibits, including five community booths.
Photo on p. 60, “THE USE OF MILK IN THE HOME” Booth of the Drake Homemakers Club at the Southern
McHenry County Fair, Velva, N. Dak., October 11th, 12th
Map after p. 63, Showing Location
of Demonstrations Carried on in 1923 [coded with symbols for various
Gap in years – no
Work was resumed in the county by an Emergency
Agricultural Assistant, Elmer C. Erickson. The work is concerned almost
solely with implementation of the
new farm program.
The section on “Weed Control” shows new emphasis on
Good progress on weed control
work was made this year. The County
approved the purchase of Sodium Chlorate to resell to farmers early in the
year and four thousand pounds were obtained [and another 4000 later]. A
weed spraying boom was obtained for the county spraying outfit through the
extension service. . . .
Leafy surge patches were
sprayed for R.S. Gorman, John Eaton and Axel Kongslie. At Gormans, the
patches were sprayed two times to see if a kill could be obtained. Good top
kill was obtained on the spurge, but root kill will need to be determined
this spring. A 2,4-D esther was used on these weeds, as well as on creeping
Creeping jenny spraying
demonstrations were carried out on nineteen farms. . . . The farmers
reported good top kill on the jenny, but again root kill will need to be
determined next spring.
A patch of spurge near Towner was the subject of a
cooperative test, Sodium Chlorate v. 2,4-D.
Photo on p. 28, The County
Spray Truck with 24 ft. boom in operation
The “Forrestry” section of the report details
establishment of seven Northern Great Plains Station shelterbelt plantings,
planted by the SCS. This comprised about 10,000 trees.
Photo on p. 29, SCS tree
planter in operation
The “Farm Sewer and Water Systems” section deals with
septic tanks. There were five informational meetings and also
demonstrations on the farm of Kenneth Fen,seth.
Portable forms were built by
the Towner FFA, Velva FFA, Drake Lumber Yard, Emil Sitz, Drake and Bjorne
Skar, Upham. . . .
In a survey conducted by
contacting farmers in communities, forty farms were reported as putting in
Photo on p. 30, J.C. Russell
[extension specialist] explaining the installation and use of portable
septic tank forms to a group of farmers at Towner
Demonstration gardens are projects of 4-H and
homemakers’ clubs. The reference to them in the narrative portion of the
report refers to a summary of questionnaires in the back. According to
this, an average of 40 people viewed each garden, which produced an average
value of $100 in vegetables. All participants aid the garden was enough to
supply a family of five. The participants rated the various vegetable
varieties they were supplied, most of them rating good, and said they also
would like to have rutabagas, cauliflower, turnips, and muskmelons in
Photo on p. 15, Zora, Von and
Doris Folden picking beans in demonstration garden
Among the many activities reported is this item.
Softball was brought into the
program this year and ten teams took part in tournaments held at Bantry and
Balfour along with 4-H picnics. The final game between Karlsruhe Livestock
and Bantry Beavers was played at Towner with the Beavers coming out as
Photo on p. 4, Bantry Beavers –
County Softball Champions
200 farmers attended a haying demonstration at the
Charles Gilmore farm. This involved three balers, three side delivery
rakes, three mowers, and one bale loader one a 5-acre field of alfalfa.
International, John Deere, and Allis Chalmer dealers supplied machinery.
The district extension supervisor gave a talk on quality hay.
Photo on p. 11, Haying
Demonstration at Charles Gilmore’s
Photo on p. 12, Anyone that believes we have our soil blowing problems solved need only to look at
this picture taken this fall on highway #2 about 1 mile south of Towner.
Photo on p. 26, This picture of a hay stack mover being used by Raymond Thoreson is
a sample of the pictures used by papers.
Seventy-five farmers attended
the grass silage demonstration held at Walter Boye’s farm near Gardena on July 20.
Boye was filling his trench silage and the visitors led an opportunity to
see his method of handling the silage. Aaron Torr of Bantry, at my request,
brought over a pail of his alfalfa silage that had been in the silo about 2
weeks. It had started to cure and had a good silage odor. . . . Most of the
men seemed to believe that grass or legume silage could be put in a silo
without much wilting and without a preservative.
They also seem to believe that
it is a good way of putting up feed so as to retain the food value of the
feed. The cost of the chopper seemed to be what is preventing many of the men from going to the method of
putting up feed.
Photo on p. 40, Aaron Torr,
Bantry, Making Alfalfa Silage
An effort has been made to
improve the radio programs prepared in the county. The wire recorder has
been taken out to farms and 4-H meetings in order that the information will
be practical and county folks can be heard. The picture below shows Mr.
& Mrs. Milton Trana of Granville talking on gardening and trees.
Photo on p. 53, [photo of Mr.
& Mrs. Trana referred to above]